C# - Import Excel Files with Single or Multiple Sheets to SQL Server Tables according to Excel File Name Dynamically in C#

Scenario: Download Script

You are working as C# or Dot Net Developer, You receive single or multiple files in source folder daily. These Excel Files can have single or multiple Sheets. You need to load these Excel files to SQL Server Tables. The Excel File Name contains table name. Here are few sample files I created. I tried my best to create files names keeping in mind that you might get file names in different formats. 

Most common file formats are FileName_DateTime.xlsx or maybe you always get FileName_FileNumber etc.

How to Import Single or Multiple Excel files with single or multiple sheets to SQL Server Table according to Name in C#


Pay attention so file names. I am very much sure you will get your files from one of above format. I extracted the name from file. My table name is exactly like that. I have Customer and Product Tables.

The Excel files can have single or multiple sheets as long as the columns match with table columns, we are good to load them.

I opened couple of files and you can see it has multiple sheets.
Load Multiple Sheets from Single or Multiple Excel file to SQL Server Tables according to file name from a folder in C#

Let's create Product and Customer tables after talking a look into our Excel Sheets on each excel file.

CREATE TABLE dbo.Customer (
    id INT
    ,name VARCHAR(100)
    ,dob DATE
    )
GO

CREATE TABLE dbo.Product (
    ProductId INT
    ,ProductName VARCHAR(100)
    )


I have created the tables with dbo schema. You can change with different schema if you need to. 

The below C# code is used to create Console Application that should load all the files to SQL Server tables by using name part from file name.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
//added below name spaces
using System.IO;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.OleDb;
using System.Data.SqlClient;


namespace TechBrothersIT.com_CSharp_Tutorial
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            //the datetime and Log folder will be used for error log file in case error occured
            string datetime = DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss");
            string LogFolder = @"C:\Log\";
            try
            {
                //Provide the folder path where excel files are present
                String FolderPath = @"C:\Source\";
                String TableName = "";
                //Provide the schema for tables in which we want to load Excel files
                String SchemaName = "dbo";
                //Provide the Database Name in which table or view exists
                string DatabaseName = "TechbrothersIT";
                //Provide the SQL Server Name 
                string SQLServerName = "(local)";

                var directory = new DirectoryInfo(FolderPath);
                FileInfo[] files = directory.GetFiles();

                //Declare and initilize variables
                string fileFullPath = "";


                //Create Connection to SQL Server Database to import Excel file's data
                SqlConnection SQLConnection = new SqlConnection();
                SQLConnection.ConnectionString = "Data Source = "
                    + SQLServerName + "; Initial Catalog ="
                    + DatabaseName + "; "
                    + "Integrated Security=true;";

                //Get one Book(Excel file at a time)
                foreach (FileInfo file in files)
                {
                    fileFullPath = FolderPath + "\\" + file.Name;

                    //Create Excel Connection
                    string ConStr;
                    string HDR;
                    HDR = "YES";
                    ConStr = "Provider=Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0;Data Source=" + fileFullPath 
                        + ";Extended Properties=\"Excel 12.0;HDR=" + HDR + ";IMEX=0\"";
                    OleDbConnection cnn = new OleDbConnection(ConStr);

                    //Remove All Numbers and other characters and leave alphabets for name
                    System.Text.RegularExpressions.Regex rgx = new System.Text.RegularExpressions.Regex("[^a-zA-Z]");
                    TableName = rgx.Replace(file.Name, "").Replace("xlsx", "");
       
                    //Get Sheet Name
                    cnn.Open();
                    DataTable dtSheet = cnn.GetOleDbSchemaTable(OleDbSchemaGuid.Tables, null);
                    string sheetname;
                    sheetname = "";
                    foreach (DataRow drSheet in dtSheet.Rows)
                    {
                        if (drSheet["TABLE_NAME"].ToString().Contains("$"))
                        {
                            sheetname = drSheet["TABLE_NAME"].ToString();

                            //Load the DataTable with Sheet Data so we can get the column header
                            OleDbCommand oconn = new OleDbCommand("select top 1 * from [" + sheetname + "]", cnn);
                            OleDbDataAdapter adp = new OleDbDataAdapter(oconn);
                            DataTable dt = new DataTable();
                            adp.Fill(dt);
                            cnn.Close();

                            //Prepare Header columns list so we can run against Database to get matching columns for a table.
                            //If columns does not exists in table, it will ignore and load only matching columns data
                            string ExcelHeaderColumn = "";
                            string SQLQueryToGetMatchingColumn = "";
                            for (int i = 0; i < dt.Columns.Count; i++)
                            {
                                if (i != dt.Columns.Count - 1)
                                    ExcelHeaderColumn += "'" + dt.Columns[i].ColumnName + "'" + ",";
                                else
                                    ExcelHeaderColumn += "'" + dt.Columns[i].ColumnName + "'";
                            }

                                  SQLQueryToGetMatchingColumn = "select STUFF((Select  ',['+Column_Name+']' from Information_schema.Columns where Table_Name='" +
                                  TableName + "' and Table_SChema='" + SchemaName + "'" +
                                               "and Column_Name in (" + @ExcelHeaderColumn + ") for xml path('')),1,1,'') AS ColumnList";


                            //Get Matching Column List from SQL Server
                            string SQLColumnList = "";
                            SqlCommand cmd = SQLConnection.CreateCommand();
                            cmd.CommandText = SQLQueryToGetMatchingColumn;
                            SQLConnection.Open();
                            SQLColumnList = (string)cmd.ExecuteScalar();
                            SQLConnection.Close();

                            //Use Actual Matching Columns to get data from Excel Sheet
                            OleDbConnection cnn1 = new OleDbConnection(ConStr);
                            cnn1.Open();
                            OleDbCommand oconn1 = new OleDbCommand("select " + SQLColumnList 
                                + " from [" + sheetname + "]", cnn1);
                            OleDbDataAdapter adp1 = new OleDbDataAdapter(oconn1);
                            DataTable dt1 = new DataTable();
                            adp1.Fill(dt1);
                            cnn1.Close();


                            //Delete the row if all values are nulll
                            int columnCount = dt1.Columns.Count;
                            for (int i = dt1.Rows.Count - 1; i >= 0; i--)
                            {
                                bool allNull = true;
                                for (int j = 0; j < columnCount; j++)
                                {
                                    if (dt1.Rows[i][j] != DBNull.Value)
                                    {
                                        allNull = false;
                                    }
                                }
                                if (allNull)
                                {
                                   dt1.Rows[i].Delete();
                                }
                            }
                           dt1.AcceptChanges();


                            SQLConnection.Open();
                            //Load Data from DataTable to SQL Server Table.
                            using (SqlBulkCopy BC = new SqlBulkCopy(SQLConnection))
                            {
                                BC.DestinationTableName = SchemaName + "." + TableName;
                                foreach (var column in dt1.Columns)
                                    BC.ColumnMappings.Add(column.ToString(), column.ToString());
                                BC.WriteToServer(dt1);
                            }
                            SQLConnection.Close();

                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            catch (Exception exception)
            {
                // Create Log File for Errors
                using (StreamWriter sw = File.CreateText(LogFolder
                    + "\\" + "ErrorLog_" + datetime + ".log"))
                {
                    sw.WriteLine(exception.ToString());

                }

            }

        }
    }
}


I execute the Console Application and building it and it was able to load all the excel files with single or multiple sheets to different tables by using name part from file names.


How to load data from Excel File to SQL Server table according to the name of Excel file in C#