C# - Import Excel Sheet Data with Excel File Name and Sheet Name in SQL Server Table in C#

Scenario : Download Script

You are working as C# or Dot Net Developer. You need to load Excel file/s with single or multiple sheets to SQL Server Table. As you will loading the records on daily basis, you would like to keep the information which records are loading from which Excel file and Sheet. You need to create C# Console Application that should be able to load data from Single/Multiple Excel files with single/Multiple Sheets and also log Excel file and Excel Sheet in table.

Here are my couple of Excel sample files with single and multiple Sheets.
How to Import single or multiple Excel Sheets from Single or Multiple Excel files to SQL Server Table with Excel File and Sheet Name in C#

I am going to create dbo.Customer Table to load these Excel Files data. As you can see the excel sheets, I have id, name and dob columns. The table dbo.Customer is going to have these columns and also FileName and SheetName so we can save Excel file name and Sheet Name from which data is loaded.

Create table dbo.Customer(
id int,
name VARCHAR(100),
dob date,
FileName VARCHAR(100),
SheetName VARCHAR(100))

The below C# code can be used to create Console Application to load excel sheet's data to table with excel file name and sheet name.
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
//added below name spaces
using System.IO;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.OleDb;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

namespace TechBrothersIT.com_CSharp_Tutorial
    class Program
        static void Main(string[] args)
            //the datetime and Log folder will be used for error log file in case error occured
            string datetime = DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss");
            string LogFolder = @"C:\Log\";
                //Provide the folder path where excel files are present
                String FolderPath = @"C:\Source\";
                //Provide the table name in which you like to load data
                String TableName = "Customer";
                //Provide the schema for tables in which we want to load Excel files
                String SchemaName = "dbo";
                //Provide the Database Name 
                string DatabaseName = "TechbrothersIT";
                //Provide the SQL Server Name 
                string SQLServerName = "(local)";

                //Create Connection to SQL Server Database to import Excel file's data
                SqlConnection SQLConnection = new SqlConnection();
                SQLConnection.ConnectionString = "Data Source = "
                    + SQLServerName + "; Initial Catalog ="
                    + DatabaseName + "; "
                    + "Integrated Security=true;";

                var directory = new DirectoryInfo(FolderPath);
                FileInfo[] files = directory.GetFiles();

                //Declare and initilize variables
                string fileFullPath = "";

                //Get one Book(Excel file at a time)
                foreach (FileInfo file in files)
                    fileFullPath = FolderPath + "\\" + file.Name;

                    string filename = "";
                    filename = file.Name;

                    //Create Excel Connection
                    string ConStr;
                    string HDR;
                    HDR = "YES";
                    ConStr = "Provider=Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0;Data Source=" 
                        + fileFullPath + ";Extended Properties=\"Excel 12.0;HDR=" + HDR + ";IMEX=0\"";
                    OleDbConnection cnn = new OleDbConnection(ConStr);

                    //Get Sheet Name
                    DataTable dtSheet = cnn.GetOleDbSchemaTable(OleDbSchemaGuid.Tables, null);
                    string sheetname;
                    sheetname = "";
                    //Loop through each sheet
                    foreach (DataRow drSheet in dtSheet.Rows)

                        if (drSheet["TABLE_NAME"].ToString().Contains("$"))
                            sheetname = drSheet["TABLE_NAME"].ToString();

                            //Load the DataTable with Sheet Data so we can get the column header
                            OleDbCommand oconn = new OleDbCommand("select top 1 * from [" + sheetname + "]", cnn);
                            OleDbDataAdapter adp = new OleDbDataAdapter(oconn);
                            DataTable dt = new DataTable();

                            //Prepare Header columns list so we can run against Database to get matching columns for a table.
                            //If columns does not exists in table, it will ignore and load only matching columns data
                            string ExcelHeaderColumn = "";
                            string SQLQueryToGetMatchingColumn = "";
                            for (int i = 0; i < dt.Columns.Count; i++)
                                if (i != dt.Columns.Count - 1)
                                    ExcelHeaderColumn += "'" + dt.Columns[i].ColumnName + "'" + ",";
                                    ExcelHeaderColumn += "'" + dt.Columns[i].ColumnName + "'";

                            SQLQueryToGetMatchingColumn = "select STUFF((Select  ',['+Column_Name+']' from Information_schema.Columns where Table_Name='" +
                                TableName + "' and Table_SChema='" + SchemaName + "'" +
                                "and Column_Name in (" + @ExcelHeaderColumn + ") for xml path('')),1,1,'') AS ColumnList";

                            //Get Matching Column List from SQL Server
                            string SQLColumnList = "";
                            SqlCommand cmd = SQLConnection.CreateCommand();
                            cmd.CommandText = SQLQueryToGetMatchingColumn;
                            SQLColumnList = (string)cmd.ExecuteScalar();

                            //Use Actual Matching Columns to get data from Excel Sheet
                            OleDbConnection cnn1 = new OleDbConnection(ConStr);
                            OleDbCommand oconn1 = new OleDbCommand("select " + SQLColumnList + ",'" 
                                + filename + "' AS FileName" + ",'" + sheetname 
                                + "' AS SheetName from [" + sheetname + "]", cnn1);
                            OleDbDataAdapter adp1 = new OleDbDataAdapter(oconn1);
                            DataTable dt1 = new DataTable();

                            //Delete the row if all values are nulll
                            int columnCount = dt1.Columns.Count;
                            for (int i = dt1.Rows.Count - 1; i >= 0; i--)
                                bool allNull = true;
                                for (int j = 0; j < columnCount; j++)
                                    if (dt1.Rows[i][j] != DBNull.Value)
                                        allNull = false;
                                if (allNull)

                            //Load Data from DataTable to SQL Server Table.
                            using (SqlBulkCopy BC = new SqlBulkCopy(SQLConnection))
                                BC.DestinationTableName = SchemaName + "." + TableName;
                                foreach (var column in dt1.Columns)
                                    BC.ColumnMappings.Add(column.ToString(), column.ToString());



            catch (Exception exception)
                // Create Log File for Errors
                using (StreamWriter sw = File.CreateText(LogFolder
                    + "\\" + "ErrorLog_" + datetime + ".log"))




I executed the C# program and here is out output for my sample files. Data from Excel files with file name and sheet name is loaded successfully in Table as shown below.
How to Load data from Excel files to SQL Server table with excel file name and excel sheet name in C#



  1. why the code is automatically assuming the data type same as first row for all remaining rows?
    for example, in my excel file first row is number and the other rows are varchar, but the code is writing number and other rows as null

    please tell, is there anything to change? i can not modify the excel file

  2. when i'm coming to the blow line oit should throw an error is that missing right parentheses.

    SQLColumnList = (string)cmd.ExecuteScalar();