How to Set databases from SINGLE USER mode to MULTI USER Mode in SQL Server - SQL Server Tutorial

Scenario:

You are working as SQL Server DBA or SQL Server Developer and you are asked to provide scripts which can change the databases mode from single user to multi user.

Solution:

As we know that for single database, we can use below query to change Database status from Single User mode to Multi User Mode.

ALTER DATABASE [YourDBName] SET MULTI_USER 
WITH ROLLBACK IMMEDIATE


We are going to use The cursor to loop through the list of databases which are in Single user mode and change to multi user database.

The select query can be modified to include or excluded database of your choice. Also script will take care of error.

Changes to the state or options of database '' cannot be made at this time. The database is in single-user mode, and a user is currently connected to it. 

as it will kill the processed attached to databases and set to multi user mode.


USE MASTER
GO
DECLARE @DatabaseName AS VARCHAR(128)

DECLARE Cur CURSOR FOR

--Get list of Database those we want to put into Multi User Mode
  SELECT name from
sys.databases
where user_access_desc='Single_USER'

OPEN Cur
FETCH Next FROM Cur INTO @DatabaseName
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
  BEGIN
  
--Innser  Cursor Start
--Kill all user connection in case open for any database
  DECLARE @Spid INT
DECLARE KillProcessCur CURSOR FOR
 SELECT request_session_id
FROM   sys.dm_tran_locks
WHERE  resource_database_id = DB_ID(@DatabaseName) 
OPEN KillProcessCur
FETCH Next FROM KillProcessCur INTO @Spid
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
  BEGIN
      DECLARE @SQL VARCHAR(500)=NULL
      SET @SQL='Kill ' + CAST(@Spid AS VARCHAR(5))
      EXEC (@SQL)
      PRINT 'ProcessID =' + CAST(@Spid AS VARCHAR(5))
            + ' killed successfull'
      FETCH Next FROM KillProcessCur INTO @Spid
  END
CLOSE KillProcessCur
DEALLOCATE KillProcessCur
--Inner Cursor Ends

--Outer Cursor: Put DB in Multi User Mode
      DECLARE @SQLSingleUSer NVARCHAR(MAX)=NULL
      SET @SQLSingleUSer='ALTER DATABASE ['+@DatabaseName+'] 
      SET MULTI_USER WITH ROLLBACK IMMEDIATE'

         Print @SQLSingleUSer
         EXEC (@SQLSingleUSer)
      FETCH Next FROM Cur INTO @DatabaseName
  END
CLOSE Cur
DEALLOCATE Cur

--Check if all DBS are in Multi user Mode
Select name as DBName,state_desc,user_access_desc 
from sys.databases 
where user_access_desc='MULTI_USER'
and database_id>4



I executed the above query on my SQL Server Instance and it was able to set Database status from Single User Mode to Multi User Mode without any error.

How to set Database from Single User mode to Multi User Mode in SQL Server - SQL Server Tutorial